Condottiero – Head of a Warrior
Two images can be perceived in this sculpture… we will discover David, the youth who struggles against Goliath…
In Italy, in the Middle Ages, there existed an occupation known as condottiere. The task of this individual was to lead, organize and recruit troops for specific conflicts. This profession of the condottieri remained restricted to princes, dukes or landowners like the Gonzagas, the de Estes or the Orsinis. In the 16th century the condottieri gradually lost their military influence and social prestige.
Two images can be perceived in this sculpture. If we focus on the two bottom sections of the work, we will discover David, the youth who struggles against Goliath for the good of his people. In this head covered with flowing hair, we perceive a face with no features, symbolizing the soldier as an anonymous recruit. It transmits the tortured soul of the beardless youth who must fight in exchange for a few coins. If we turn now to the top third of the piece, it is clear how Dali, in the Renaissance style, emphasized the symbolic value of the helmet, transforming the whole work into a representation of the powerful condottiero, a patrician who is not necessarily a fighter, whose principal mission is that of intermediary in the management of economic contracts of a military nature.