Carmen (aka “Carmen la Crotalos”)
“Carmen is more of a type than an archetype, instead of a human being, it has become a complex conglomerate of contradictory personalities; the sensual symbol of love and death.” Jose M. Iribarten
Beautiful Spaniard woman archetype performing a Flamenco dance. Carmen is depicted as the beautiful and wild gypsy, dancing to the sound of the castanets which she holds between her fingers, seducing the watcher in the same way Merimée’s heroine seduced all men around her.
Prosper Merimée said of his leading character in Carmen that she spoke Basque and exerted a maddening effect on men that eventually lead her to destruction. This novel, published in 1845, quickly became the stereotype of Spanish women: free, fiery, superstitious, proud and wild, provoking uproar in the society of the time which demanded the exact opposite of women: virtue and maternity, laboriousness, obedience and submission.
En la araña
de la mano
rizas el aire
y te ahogas en tu trino
”Crótalo”, Seis Caprichos del Cante Jondo, Federico García Lorca (1921)
[Rattlesnake/Rattlesnake/Rattlesnake/noisy beetle//In the spider/of the hand/your curl the air/warm/and you drown your singing/of stick//Rattlesnake/Rattlesnake/Rattlesnake/noisy beetle]